*This is an updated version of an article I wrote earlier in the year that was published in the Baptist and Reflector.

I serve as the director of a campus-based ministry. Campus ministry is the only full-time ministry that I’ve ever known. While my current campus is not a traditional undergraduate university, I do have experience in such settings and have maintained those relationships as the Lord has moved me to new positions. 

Campus ministry is great because it affords an opportunity to influence a person in what is probably the most formative timeframe in their spiritual and personal development.  When we enter into a student’s world during their college years, we have the opportunity to easily influence their life-trajectory before it ever blasts off. I’m in my mid 30’s now. I’ve got a wife, two kids, a car note, a mortgage, and a host of other bills. Changing my life trajectory, while not impossible, is complicated. Students, when influenced during their college years, can make seemingly radical decisions out of obedience to Christ that will drastically influence their course of life going forward more easily than mid-career or even near-end career folks.
But make no mistake, this is difficult work.

Students are smarter, more skeptical, and less willing to give people like me the time of day. There is no benefit of the doubt because of the office I occupy. Instead, I’m viewed as biased. I have had students referred to me to discuss issues with which I am intimately familiar who have declined to proceed with a conversation when they found out that I’m a minister. Their presupposition was that they knew what I would say because it would be what I had to say to perform my job and to maintain my supposed power.

One of the verses that was repeatedly shared with me when I initially began discerning my call to ministry and was repeated ad nauseam during my time in seminary encouraged me to “honor Christ the Lord as holy, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you” (1 Pet. 3:15). 

A couple of notes on that verse. We tend to jump straight to the “prepared to make a defense” part while overlooking the introductory clause. We are initially commanded to “honor Christ the Lord as holy” as we prepare our defenses and state our reasons. I take that to mean that, no matter the issue, we should be Jesus-centered in our response. We need to demonstrate through reason how Jesus is different. How Jesus is better. How Jesus is the most complete explanation for whatever issue is raised. First, honor Christ the Lord as holy. Then, be prepared to make a defense.

We also leave off an important post script in the verse. I intentionally omitted it above to demonstrate how thoroughly we’ve neglected it. 1 Pet. 3:15 ends with the phrase, “yet do it with gentleness and respect.” Start with Jesus, give a reason, and be kind about it.

If you want to work with college students, young adults, or skeptics, you will do well to keep this particular biblical admonition in mind. You can pretty easily accomplish the first (honor Christ as Lord) and last (be gentle and respectful) with the tools that you already have. But emphasizing these components does not minimize the “give a reason” aspect. You’ve got to have good reasons. And if you want to work with students, you need to be conversant in the following areas:

  1. Issues around sexuality: homosexuality, bisexuality, co-habitation, pornography, and building/maintaining a personal/biblical sexual ethic are all important areas of conversation.
  2. Issues around gender: Can you define “transgender?” Can you give a reasoned, nuanced explanation for your viewpoint? What is gender, anyway? This is an increasingly common area of discussion amongst young adults.
  3. Why trust the Bible: Are you familiar with why notable skeptics disbelieve the Bible? Can you give a response that goes beyond, “You just have to believe.”? Students are willing to consider our claims, but our common defenses show that we’re almost completely ignorant of the claims of skeptics that resonate with students.
  4. The claims of pluralism: Students have grown up around people who believe differently than they do and they think they’re good people. Surely God wouldn’t punish someone just because they were born into a different faith? And don’t all religions essentially teach the same thing anyway? We don’t have enough knowledge to conclude who’s right or wrong. And what is “right” for that matter anyway?
  5. Science and faith are contradictory: Well intentioned people of faith have made this bed. For a long time we have implied or explicitly stated that, at some level, we have to choose if we will believe the Bible or the world. While emphasizing the importance of academics, we have asked students to not think about this one area too much. As a result, they conclude that faith is rooted in ignorance and science is the only authentic arbiter of truth. 
  6. Mental health issues: Young adults are diagnosed with mental health issues at an exponentially higher rate than previous generations. To work with them effectively, we have to be familiar and empathetic with a host of issues surrounding mental health.
  7. Sexual abuse: Make no mistake about it, young adults have heard that churches have problems with sexual abuse and are concerned with it. Does your church have a plan to prevent and respond to sexual abuse? Do you understand the incorrect theological underpinnings that enable abuse?
  8. The problem of evil: Young adults are concerned with inequity in the world. They see wide-spread famine, war, and genocide as real problems to believing in the God of the Bible. Our responses must go beyond “You have to trust God” or “God has good reasons for allowing suffering.” While ultimately true, such statements are unhelpful to move an unbelieving person to faith.

Care to add anything to the list? Comment below. I’d love to hear your thoughts.


  1. ” Start with Jesus, give a reason, and be kind about it.” So, what reasons do you have other than believe and don’t question? I was a Christian, and then, when finding out that there was no evidence for the bible, just like there was no evidence for the other religions I read about, I started losing my faith. I read the bible, sure it would restore it and there I found a god I wouldn’t worship no matter if it existed or not.

    Most younger folks (I’m in my 50s) have the internet and then they can find what the bible actually says, not what a pastor whitewashes. In it, they find a god that murders a child for the actions of its parents, that says to murder people who believe differently, who are different sexually, etc. They see it for what it is, claims by an ignorant people about a god they invented. They find that this god picks and chooses who can believe in it, and then damns the rest to eternal torture for no reason. They also find a god that works with its archenemy in Revelation where Jesus Christ murders every non-Christian. They know that people aren’t evil just for not believing in someone’s version of a god. I grew up with a lot of anti-catholic hate that I saw from protestants. I knew that was stupid to start out when I had a catholic best friend.

    These younger folks know about the genocides committed by humans and wonder why this god gets a pass by Christians when it does the same thing. They know science more than people have before and question how magic was supposed to happen when this god does nothing now. Miracles are claimed by they know to question, and when no evidence is presented, there is nothing wrong with doubting it.


    1. Thanks for the input. I completely agree with the sentiment that “when no evidence is presented, there is nothing wrong with doubting it.” You brought a lot to the table, so let’s start with the first point. Will you elaborate on “there was no evidence for the Bible”?


      1. How do you wish me to elaborate on the fact that there is no archaeology, no geology, no anthropology etc that supports the claims in the bible and its essential events? For example, we have no evidence for an exodus of 600,000+ men plus women and children and animals wandering around an area half the size of pennsylvania for 4 decades. Not one latrine, not a garbage pit full of quail bones, not a grave site.

        I’m a geologist so I know we have no evidence for a flood as described in the bible, no one layer of flood debris and floods don’t leave layers like we see.

        We also have no evidence of a day that there was a major earthquake, the sky grew dark during the day and the dead Jewish patriarchs wandered around Roman-occupied Jerusalem.

        What most Christians try to point to is that there are some real places and people named in the bible. However, that argument would mean that most other religions are as valid as you claim Christianity is and that a Spider-man comic book is as valid as your religion.

        What are your reasons to believe rather than just saying ” you must”. I am curious what arguments you would make to a college student. I was one a couple of decades ago, then still a Christian.


      2. Thanks for elaborating. You raise some valid points. I’m also not foolish enough to try to argue geology with a geologist.

        The arguments you cited (lack of evidence of mass exodus, lack of evidence of a worldwide flood, etc.) are points that I can believe and still be a Christian. I don’t believe the fundamentalist trope of “believe all of it, or believe none of it.” Being a Christian centers on what I believe about the death and resurrection of Jesus.

        I think there is good reason to wonder if the number of people who left Egypt was as large you cited. I also think there is good reason to wonder if the flood as described in Genesis was worldwide. I’ve also found the note about dead patriarchs wandering around Jerusalem to be odd, at best. Maybe it happened, but I’m not going to insist that anyone believe it in order to be a Christian.

        So, simple answer, I’m not saying you must believe any of your points. I’m saying you only “must” believe in the death and resurrection of Jesus.


      3. So, you agree that you are picking and choosing what to believe as literal and what to believe as metaphor, written by humans or to be just ignored?

        The bible says 600,000 +, why would you choose to believe that is wrong and believe that the magic involved in the resurrection was true if we have no evidence for either?


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